Archive for category life experiances

Almeida Real Estate Hamburg, NY

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The Book “The 4 Routes To Entrepreneurial Success”

written by John B Miner

The book “The 4 Routes to Entrepreneurial Success” can be downloaded or read here for FREE at https://www.scribd.com/document/409302374/John-B-Miner-The-4-Routes-to-Entrepreneurial-Success-Berrett-Koehler-Publishers-1996-pdf

This book is being used by many colleges to teach business or as part of an MBA business degree. On pages 45 and 46 the author talks about Almeida Real Estate. My older brother and I were both Real Estate Brokers and an important part of the real estate community in Hamburg and western New York at the time. I have since moved my family to DFW Texas. Almeida Realty is mostly involved in real estate consulting and investments, I’m also CEO of World News US and an aspiring writer among other things. cj Almeida

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Destination Colombia

by CNN

Colombia

Cartagena street scene, Colombia

Rainforest, savannah, steppes, deserts and mountains: Colombia has them all. From the golden sands of the Caribbean and Pacific coastlines, to the verdant hills of the Zona Cafetara coffee region, to the bustling urban centers of the Andean highlands, this is a country with a surprising diversity of landscapes, climates, wildlife and people. Bogotá, the third-highest capital city in the world, is the country’s vibrant center, but beyond that there is Medellin, named the “City of Eternal Spring” for its beautiful weather, the colonial architectural masterpiece that is Cartagena, and countless picturesque pueblos such as Santander’s Barichara and Antiquoia’s Guatapé.

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New York City Landmarks

“Skyscraper National Park.”

That is what Kurt Vonnegut famously labeled New York City in his 1976 novel Slapstick. It’s true, the city is filled with tall buildings, and many of them stunningly beautiful. Yet, New York City also has other, lesser-known landmarks that don’t necessarily touch the clouds. And these locations—such as Warren Place Mews in Brooklyn or the Cloisters on Manhattan’s northern tip—are just as worthy of a trip to the Big Apple as any of its iconic buildings. Whether you’re a New Yorker or planning your maiden trip to the city, AD rounded up 27 of the best architectural landmarks to visit while walking the streets of the city. Some you will recognize instantly, but there are sure to be a few that will leave you impressed by the New York you never knew existed.

a view of Jane's Carousel with the Brooklyn Bridge and One World Trade Center in the background.

Photo: Getty Images/Pawel Gaul

Originally built in 1922 and located on the banks of the East River, Brooklyn’s Jane’s Carousel has become a popular destination to visit. After extensive renovations, the carousel reopened in 2011 and featured, among other additions, a jewel-like glass exterior that was designed by architect Jean Nouvel.

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Meet Jacob Stump

It often happens that, despite a person’s being provided with good reasons to change her evaluative beliefs, she chooses not to do so. This event is recurrent in Plato’s dialogues, where Socrates is often depicted using reason and argument to try to convert his interlocutors to the life of philosophy, but where, just as often, his interlocutors are depicted as highly resistant. In my research, I investigate the implications of this for Platonic moral psychology and the task of moral education; and how, if at all, Plato thinks that such resistance can be overcome.

A central issue here—whether a person can rationally decide to become a new person—is one in which there has been a resurgence of interest lately in contemporary philosophy. Decision theorists such as L.A. Paul (2014) argue that, since one’s evaluative preferences radically change after becoming a new person, one’s current evaluative preferences can provide little, if any, guidance about whether to do so. In contrast, Agnes Callard (2018) argues that one can rationally choose to become a new person. On her view, transformation is the result of aspiration, an active process of coming to see clearly a value that at first one merely glimpses. What about for Plato? Answering this is important not only for giving historical depth to a contemporary issue of significant philosophical interest. It is important also for solving a longstanding problem of Platonic scholarship: why does Socrates, despite often wielding arguments that his interlocutors cannot refute, have so little success in convincing them to change their ways of life? Does Plato think that Socrates’ project of philosophical conversion is a lost cause—that reason is wholly ineffective at motivating someone to adopt new values?

On a widely held and highly influential view, that is precisely what Plato thinks. More specifically, scholars tend to hold that, for Plato, (i) reason alone is ineffective at improving people, in part because (ii) reason is incapable of overcoming the influence that one’s desires can have on one’s evaluative beliefs, and so (iii) Socrates’ project of philosophical conversion, in virtue of relying on reason to change a person’s evaluative beliefs, is tactically flawed.

This view on the relationship between Socrates’ project of conversion and Plato’s moral psychology has been predominant for the last several decades (in fact, it can be seen as tracing back to Nietzsche). Further, it provides a reason to suppose that there is a deep divide between Socrates and Plato: while Socrates thought that reason alone could reform a person’s values, Plato thought nothing of the sort. However, I think that it results from a profound misreading of Plato’s corpus. Most of my research aims at correcting that reading and, in its place, providing a full account of Socrates’ project of conversion, one that shows it not to be inconsistent with Plato’s moral psychology but rather, properly conceived, to be deeply informed by it.

What follows are abstracts of the papers that are my current focus.

* Ancient Greek & Roman Philosophy *

[Name Withheld to Preserve Blind Review] In this paper, I defend the viability of Socrates’ project of philosophical conversion against widespread scholarly skepticism. I argue that, for Plato, philosophical argument can be effective at causing a person to come to value wisdom the most, but not primarily in the way that one might expect—that is, not primarily by prompting someone to draw the conclusion that she must change her way of life, but rather by its causing her to have a non-rational experience, one that can be effective at reshaping her beliefs about how best to live.

[Name Withheld to Preserve Blind Review] In this paper, I consider the significance of Socrates’ remark in the Gorgias that it is Callicles’ eros that is the cause of his being unpersuaded to change his way of life. I argue that, far from a mere literary embellishment, Socrates’ remark points us to an often overlooked but highly important part of Plato’s moral psychology, in particular Plato’s conception of hot cognition. I then distinguish two kinds of eros for Plato—roughly, eros for pleasure, and eros for the good (alternatively phrased as appearance-based eros and reflection-based eros)—and I show that each kind causes a different type of hot cognition: the first a process of wishful thinking (i.e., holding a belief regardless of the evidence), the second a process of motivated reasoning (i.e., holding a belief based on evidence, but evidence that, due to one’s desire to hold the belief, one evaluates in self-serving ways). I argue that only motivated reasoning is a serious problem for Socrates’ project of using reason and argument to change his interlocutors belies about how best to live—and that, at the end of the day, this is good news: it means that Socrates can be successful.

[Name Withheld to Preserve Blind Review] In this paper, I argue for a Socratic method that is distinct in kind from refutation, unified by formal features, and far more effective at converting Socrates’ interlocutors to the life of philosophy than refutation is ever shown to be. I call it “Socratic exhortation.” I show that it is foremost an exercise in practical reason, one that consists of three stages: Socrates identifies the object of his interlocutor’s strongest desire (in particular, the object of his interlocutor’s eros); he then convinces the interlocutor that his current way of trying to satisfy that desire is ineffective; and, finally, he persuades the interlocutor that, to satisfy it, he must gain wisdom, and thus must do philosophy.

[Name Withheld to Preserve Blind Review] Is there a uniquely Platonic form of protreptic? Most scholars doubt it. In this paper, I argue that, on the contrary, there is a form of protreptic in Plato that is distinctive, and, further, that it is put into practice by Socrates’ exercise of his “erotic art.”

The Importance for Plato of What People Care About. In this paper, I analyze the notion of caring about or valuing (epimeleisthai) in Plato. One might think that, to count as valuing something, one needs only to believe that it is important. However, using texts from playwrights, rhetoricians, and philosophers of Classical Greece, I show that epimeleisthai was understood as requiring more: not only believing something is important, but, as a result, acting on behalf of it and attending to it. I then argue that Plato revises the notion so that it requires also having knowledge about what one purports to epimeleisthai, a requirement to which Socrates consistently appeals in refuting his interlocutors’ claims to care about things rightly.

Socratic Refutation and Epistemic Duties. In this paper, I consider why Socrates (or anyone else) would believe that refutation would be conducive to changing a person’s fundamental values in the first place. I argue that existing accounts fail to give a plausible explanation, and I provide a novel account that fares better. On my account, what Socrates refutes is an interlocutor’s claim to have fulfilled his role-based epistemic duty, i.e., a duty to know imparted by his social role, to know in particular what is required to perform that social role well. In doing so, he motivates them to do philosophy as a way of repairing their social status and self-esteem.

* Outside of Ancient Greek & Roman Philosophy *

Loving Animals and Eating Meat. One of the most promising alternatives to utilitarian-based and deontology-based thinking about animal welfare is found in Cora Diamond’s paper, “Eating Meat and Eating People,” where she argues that our tendency to view animals as fellow creatures is, in some significant sense, inconsistent with our tendency to use them as objects, e.g., to exploit their labor or raise them on factory farms. It is not obvious, however, why we should care about this inconsistency. In this paper, I supplement Diamond’s view with an argument for why this inconsistency should bother us—not because it is a mere inconsistency, I argue, but rather because in many cases it is a sign of willful moral blindness, and thus shows us to be self-deceivers.

Beauty and Aesthetic Merit: Two Currencies of Aesthetic Judgment. In this paper, I offer a solution to the longstanding tension in aesthetics between the theses that there are no principles of aesthetic judgment (popularly phrased as ‘beauty is in the eye of the beholder’) and that aesthetic judgments are genuine in the sense of being about objects in the external world. If that were true, then, contrary to the first thesis, we would expect there to be some principles that determine whether an aesthetic judgment is true or false; but that would conflict with the first thesis. I argue that both theses are equally plausible, and that the tension arises only if we cash out aesthetic value in one currency. In fact, I argue, there is ample reason to think that aesthetic value comes in two forms—aesthetic merit and beauty—and that, if we allow for this, the tension is resolved.

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I’m a Lecturer in the Philosophy Department at the University of Toronto and affiliated with its Collaborative Program in Ancient and Medieval Philosophy. I work on Ancient Greek & Roman Philosophy and Ethics.

In November 2017, I received my PhD from the University of Toronto, writing under the supervision of Rachel Barney, with Brad Inwood, James Allen, and Tom Hurka as readers. During my time in the PhD program I held a Connaught International Scholarship for doctoral work.

I did my undergraduate degree at Wabash College, a liberal arts college in Indiana, and before that I taught English in northern China.

You can find my CV here.

More information about my research and teaching is on my research page here and my teaching page here.

In my spare time, I like to return to what I first thought doing philosophy was, reading novels and poetry and watching films.

Contact: jacob.stump@mail.utoronto.ca
Department of Philosophy, University of Toronto
170 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5R2M8

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Destination Argentine

by CNN

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Argentina

The plains of Patagonia. The soaring peaks of the Andes. And the majestic boulevards of Buenos Aires. Argentina is an impossibly vast and beautiful country that keeps drawing travelers back to its varied landscapes and cities. For the adventurous, there’s a great outdoors which few places in the world can match, with unrivaled climbing and hiking from Tierra del Fuego in the south to Salta in the north. For foodies, the best steak in the world, raised on spectacular ranches, cooked on simple parrillas (grills) and washed down with the finest Malbec from Mendoza. And for culture fiends, a capital teeming with the best theater, dance and art in South America.

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Filipina Women For Dating And Marriage 

Are Filipina Women Good For Dating And Marriage

Image result for FILIPINO WOMEN DATINGAre you a foreigner looking to dating a Filipino girl or marrying one? If yes, you have to read this article, there are information here that will save you lots of headache in the future.

Filipino women and girls are popular for their hospitality and close family ties. They are also very caring and responsible. A number of them work overseas as caregivers, nurses, doctors, teachers or helpers. Serving their families and the people around them is a second nature to them, which make Filipino women an ideal wife. That is if you you learn how to avoid the bad ones, the working girls.

In fact, a number of Westerners fly to the Philippines to find their Filipina wife. The exotic beauty of the women from the Pearl of the Orient Seas paired with their strong character make these women so alluring and irresistible. If you are reading this, perhaps you are also considering in getting a Filipina as a wife. If you are undecided whether you pursue your plan or not, this article will help you understand why you should.

What are Filipino women like?

Filipinos are a product of mixed culture and this reflects in their physical features and attitudes. 5,000 years ago, Indonesians arrived in the Philippines. One group was tall with light skin, large foreheads, high noses and thin lips. The second group of Indonesians were shorter, darker and has larger noses, and thick lips. After several thousand years, the Malays came to the Philippines. Malays have a medium height, brown skin, dark eyes, flat noses and straight black hair.filipina-women-dating

A number of Filipinos feel insecure with their flat noses, which others find to be just fine. However, some Filipinos also look Spanish because the country has been colonized by Spaniards for 333 years. Overall, Filipina women come in a variety of skin color, height, and built. However, most foreigners are drawn to dating Filipino girls who are slim, petite and attractive.

Yes, Filipina girls have dark hair, dark eyes, and slender figures. They are also naturally tanned which is a change of pace, especially for Westerners and Americans. Asian women, in particular, Filipinos are beautiful inside and out. They have a rich culture, are social, believe in family first and like to smile and enjoy life.

Aside from their looks , women from the Philippines are very conservative, especially when it comes to sexual values. Filipina women only express their sexuality with someone when they are already in a committed relationship. In general, they are very faithful when in a relationship and are not promiscuous.

Filipino Women Characteristics?

Lets talk about their outer characteristics first. There are a number of gorgeous Filipina girls all over the world. In fact, the country has won a number of titles in major beauty pageants. Philippines has one Miss World crown, three Miss Universe crowns, six Miss International crowns and three Miss Earth crowns. Their beauty stands out from the rest but they more than just a pretty face. Here are some of their characteristics that will make one easily fall in love with them.

They have a sunny disposition. Filipino women are very fun to be with. They will entertain you with their stories, happy chatter and charm.

They are kind. Filipina women are strong but they are brought up to be defer to their husband. As a partner, they are patient, kind, understanding, generous, caring and supportive. When in a fight with their spouse, they are usually quiet.

They are smart and educated. Girls from the Philippines speak English well. They are also career-driven. A number of Filipina women excel in engineering, computer, architecture and education to name a few.filipino-girls-for-dating

They are faithful and loyal. If you date Filipino girls you will see how they value relationships. A Filipino woman is very loyal and faithful to her man. She will stick to her man, no matter what. She is not the type to give up a relationship so easily.

Are Filipino Women Good For Marriage?

A number of foreigners visit the Philippines to find a Filipina wife. In fact, many white and black men are happily living in the country with their Filipina better half and children. In other cases, Filipino girls join their foreign husband in his country. So, what’s with Filipina women that some men travel to the Philippines to meet them? Do Filipino women make good wives? The answer: Yes.

Here are some reasons why a number of men around the world go to the Philippines to find a wife. Check it out and you will surely be amazed.

Filipina Women Are Perfect for Household

As I mentioned, Filipino women are more than beauty. They have the skills and the character that will surely make every house a home. They can keep the household clean and in order, cook meals for the family and attend her husband and children’s need all at once. A number of Filipina girls do this while maintaining their careers to earn a living.

Filipina Girls Are Family Oriented

Filipinos have close-knit families. Children even in their 20s still live with their parents. They do so not because they remain dependents to their parents, in most cases, these young individuals work and provide for their family. In fact, some still extend help to their parents and siblings even after marriage.

Filipinos also tend to live with their relatives and extended family nearby or in a compound. This is convenient for everyone as they can ask the relatives to look after their children, in case, there are emergencies. Due to this arrangement, Filipina women are very family-oriented.

Filipino Women Have a Strong Character

If the husband is away, he can trust her to take over the household without any problem. She is loyal, faithful, trustworthy, kind and generous. Filipina girls are slim and petite but most of them, especially in the rural are very strong. They are exposed to all types of household chores including fetching water, doing the laundry and cooking at a young age. These experiences make them responsible, dependable and resilient. A girl from the Philippines is an all-around woman. She thinks of the welfare of the family first, than herself and will always go the extra miles for her love ones.

Filipina Girls Value Motherhood

For men who wish to have a big family, having kids with a Filipino woman in most cases will not be an issue. While some women shun motherhood for their figure, Filipino women don’t. I don’t speak for all but I don’t know anyone personally who doesn’t want to get pregnant for fear of losing her sexy figure. All of them love children and want to grow their family.

This does not mean either that these women do not care about their figure, they just prioritize family. If their husbands want children they are not selfish to say not because they are afraid to get fat. They are also caring mom. Most want to breast feed their children, cook for the family and attend their needs despite the demands from work or even if they have a maidservant.

Filipina Girls Looks Beyond One’s Physical Features

A Filipina woman doesn’t care about your looks or age. In fact, if you are in your late 30s and you are in a Western country, you can hardly find a young woman for your wife. However, you can expect a change in the Philippines. You can find a number of women in the country marrying someone over a decade older than her. Some men are already bald with big tummy but are still able to find a young and lovely wife in the Philippines. So why is this so?

Filipina women want security. They need a man who can provide for the family so they are not into the physical features of a man. This does not also mean that she is a gold digger and will only be using her foreign husband to live a convenient life. Filipinas are not the type who just leaves everything to their husbands. Filipina girls are wise and they know how to make money easily. So, typically, they are one of best spouses to find. As long as you love her and you can help her raise the family, your relationship will work.

Filipina Girls Are Good at Handling Money

One of the best traits of a Filipina woman is her skills in handling money. You will be surprised at how good she is when it comes to financing whether she has a degree or not. You can give her a hundred bucks and be surprised at how many things she can buy with the amount. They are good in finding a good bargain. Their eyes are always set on the cheap but quality items. When doing their grocery they are very patient to compare prices and scour in the sections with discounted tags and freebies.

So, do Filipino women make good wives? Yes, they do and if you ask those who have a Filipina wife they will surely convince you to get one.

For men who want a strong partner, a Filipina woman is a smart choice. But you don’t choose Filipina women because it is smart to do so. When you know one, you will understand that they are indeed, wife material.

Where to Meet Single Filipino Women?

Most men travel across the globe to the Philippines to meet Filipina girls. If you are one of them and you are wondering where to go to meet your future wife, then this section will help you find your potential woman. The best place to find a Filipino girl for dating or marriage is through friends and families. But I guessing you don’t live here, the second place place is Filipino dating sites.

Disco Bars and Clubs

Filipinas love to dance, sing and party. In fact, if you go around the Philippines, you can find bars and nightclubs in small and big cities. It is their nature to unwind, relax and have fun from time to time. However, you should still be careful because there are girls who might just take advantage of you financially. In short, there are also hookers.

Public Places

Perhaps, the easiest way to meet a Filipina woman is by simply going out. They are almost anywhere. You can go in the market, mall, park or restaurants. Most of them are employed in these places or nearby and by exposing yourself in these areas, you are also giving yourself an opportunity to communicate with them.

Striking a conversation when they are on their job would be difficult and perhaps challenging than meeting them in a club or bar where they could be in the mood to meeting new friends. However, you can start a conversation about the products they sell or the service they offer. You can always start a friendly conversation. After all, the first step is making friends with a potential woman that you will be spending the rest of your life with. If you spend some time with the girl, her friends and family it shouldn’t take too long to know what kind of person she is.

In the end the question your asking is do Filipino women make good girlfriends, partners and wives? The answer: Yes

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DESTINATION PHILIPPINES

by CNN
Horseshoe Island  Myanmar; Shutterstock ID 603305633

Philippines

Exploring the Philippines’ 7,000 tropical islands is a lifetime’s work. But travelers who find their time limited to weeks rather than years will not be disappointed. A cultural mash-up of Spanish colonialism and Southeast Asian tradition make this archipelago unique. Explore the ornate San Agustin church in Manila, get lost in Vigan’s pretty and iconic Mestizo District and marvel at the tumbling rice terraces of Banaue. If all that seems too much, the beaches here are among the world’s best. Bacuit Bay in particular is a mecca for sun worshippers and outdoor types, with first-class diving and hidden sandy coves for lounging.

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DESTINATION INDIA

by CNN

India Travel Destination - illustration

India

The subcontinent is the stuff of travel wonderment. Between the peaks of the Himalayas in the north and the palm-lined beaches of Kerala in the south lies a country so vast and varied that even India’s most diehard fans can never know it all. Its cities are some of the most vibrant in the world, from the majesty of Mumbai to the chaos of Delhi. Its key religious shrines are renowned but no less stunning for it, from the Taj Mahal to the ancient town of Varanasi to the Golden Temple in Amritsar. And its food is delicious, from Punjabi tandoori chicken to Goan fish curries. Few places are as truly diverse.
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Ontario Testing Hydrogen-Powered Train Technology

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Province Transforming GO Transit to Provide Faster and More Frequent Service

Ontario is taking the next steps in exploring the potential of hydrail as an alternative to conventional electric trains, as Ontario transforms the GO network into a rapid-transit system that will provide faster and more frequent service for commuters and families.

Kathryn McGarry, Minister of Transportation, was in Toronto today to release the province’s Hydrogen Rail (Hydrail) Feasibility Study, which found that it would be feasible to build and operate electrified rail service on GO Transit and the UP Express using hydrogen-powered trains at a cost comparable to conventional electrification using overhead wires.

Ontario is engaging with train manufacturers Alstom and Siemens to produce concept designs that incorporate hydrogen fuel cells into bi-level trains similar to those currently used by GO Transit. In addition, the province is issuing a request for proposals (RFP) for designs for a hydrogen fuel cell-powered locomotive, which could lead to a prototype rail vehicle that would be tested on the GO rail network.

Electrifying the GO rail network is part of the largest rail project in Canada as Ontario transforms GO from a commuter transit system to a regional rapid transit system. Weekly trips across the entire GO rail network will grow from about 1,500 to nearly 6,000 by 2025, with more two-way, all-day and 15-minute service for commuters and families across the region.

Investing in sustainable, innovative public transit is part of Ontario’s plan to create fairness and opportunity during this period of rapid economic change. The plan includes a higher minimum wage and better working conditions, free tuition for hundreds of thousands of students, easier access to affordable child care, and free prescription drugs for everyone under 25 through the biggest expansion of medicare in a generation.

Quick Facts

  • Ontario is investing $21.3 billion to transform GO Transit from a commuter transit service to a regional rapid transit system.
  • Hydrogen fuel cells can be used to power trains by replacing diesel engines in locomotives with clean fuel cell technology.
  • Hydrogen-powered trains can provide electrified rail services without the need for overhead catenary wires.
  • Unlike conventional electric trains, which draw power from the electrical grid while operating, hydrogen can be produced off-peak using renewable energy and stored for future use at a cost comparable to conventional electric rail systems.
  • Since 2013, Ontario has built three new GO stations, renovated 10 existing GO stations, and added approximately 7,000 new GO station parking spots. The province has also purchased 264 new GO buses, 150 new GO train coaches, and 10 new GO train locomotives.
  • Ontario is making the largest infrastructure investment in hospitals, schools, public transit, roads and bridges in the province’s history.

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America’s Richest Self-Made Women

 

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America’s top female entrepreneurs have shattered ceilings and scaled new heights, creating companies and building fortunes in everything from genetic testing to aerospace. Increasingly these self-made starters are tapping social media to cement their brands and build businesses ever more quickly. That in turn has helped the nation’s most successful women become richer than ever before.

The combined net worth of the top 60 self-made women is now a record $71 billion, 15% more than in 2017. The minimum net worth to make Forbes’ fourth annual ranking of these top women jumped 23% to a record $320 million. Twenty-four of these women are billionaires, another record, up from 18 last year.

Seven newcomers joined the ranks (6 from California), including 4 Instagram-savvy makeup moguls. The richest of these new faces is billionaire Anastasia Soare, whose cosmetics company Anastasia Beverly Hills, best known for beautifying eyebrows, now has more than 17 million followers on Instagram. The youngest is Kylie Jenner, who turns 21 in August. Half-sister of Kim Kardashian West, who is also on the list for the first time, Jenner has leveraged her massive social media following (110 million followers on Instagram) to build a $900 million cosmetics fortune in less than three years. That makes her worth more than twice as much as her more famous sister.

  • At No. 1 is Diane Hendricks, a Wisconsin billionaire who owns ABC Supply, one of the largest wholesale distributors of roofing, siding and windows in America. While the vast majority of list members hail from California – 27 altogether – the top three, including Hendricks, Little Caesars’ Marian Ilitch and Epic Software’s Judy Faulkner, all hail from the Midwest.

    Altogether 17 list members made their fortunes in fashion and retail, 7 of whom peddle cosmetics and skin care products. Another 13 including Facebook’s Sheryl Sandberg built fortunes in technology, while 10 including Oprah Winfrey and Taylor Swift made it in media and entertainment.

    Fourteen of the top 60 women entrepreneurs were born outside of the U.S. including Eren Ozmen, the majority owner of aerospace and defense business Sierra Nevada Corp. who is now gambling hundreds of millions to take on Elon Musk and others in space. Ozmen arrived from Turkey in her 20s and held down several part-time jobs while attending business school, selling homemade baklava at a bakery and even working as a night janitor at Sierra Nevada, years before she and her husband bought it.

    To compile net worths, we valued individuals’ assets, including the value of stakes in public companies using stock prices from June 22. We valued private companies by consulting with outside experts and conservatively comparing them with public companies. To be eligible for the list, women had to have substantially made their fortunes in the U.S. and be U.S. citizens or permanent residents. We attempted to vet these numbers with all list entrants. Some cooperated; others didn’t.

    For the full story click here:  https://www.forbes.com/self-made-women/#5093dd4a6d96

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